Ethics Morality

New PDF release: Penser le bonheur aujourd'hui (Hors collections) (French

By Caroline Guibet-Lafaye

Suis-je heureux ? L’argent fait-il le bonheur ? Une vie heureuse, est-ce une vie réussie ? Y a-t-il un droit au bonheur ? Autant de questions qui taraudent chacun d’entre nous mais que les philosophe se sont déjà posées depuis l’Antiquité. L’économie, l. a. psychologie, los angeles neurologie, les sciences sociales se sont, ces dernières années, emparées de ces questions pour essayer de leur trouver des réponses. Le présent ouvrage discover l’apport de l. a. psychologie, de l. a. neurologie, de l’économie et des sciences sociales à l. a. réflexion sur le bonheur sous un attitude non pas simplement individuel mais également social. Il envisage les stipulations auxquelles l. a. préoccupation utilitariste du « plus grand bonheur du plus grand nombre » peut aujourd’hui se formuler et trouver une réponse en envisageant par exemple si une realization sociale au déficit individuel de bonheur doit être portée ou si l’on doit compenser socialement le mal-être individuellement ressenti. L’un des mérites de l’ouvrage est donc de donner une actualité à des interrogations posées par los angeles culture philosophique classique en rendant sensibles à des lecteurs contemporains le sens et los angeles pertinence qu’elles reçoivent encore aujourd’hui.

Show description

Download e-book for iPad: Principled Ethics: Generalism As a Regulative Ideal by Sean McKeever,Michael Ridge

By Sean McKeever,Michael Ridge

ISBN-10: 0199290652

ISBN-13: 9780199290659

ISBN-10: 0199290660

ISBN-13: 9780199290666

ethical philosophy has lengthy been ruled by way of the purpose of figuring out morality and the virtues by way of rules. in spite of the fact that, the underlying assumption that this can be the easiest procedure has bought nearly no defence, and has been attacked by means of particularists, who argue that the normal hyperlink among morality and rules is little greater than an unwarranted prejudice. In Principled Ethics, Michael Ridge and Sean McKeever meet the particularist problem head-on, and guard a particular view they name "generalism as a regulative ideal."

Show description

Download PDF by Kautsky,Karl: Ethics and the Materialist Conception of History

By Kautsky,Karl

ISBN-10: 1313091162

ISBN-13: 9781313091169

ISBN-10: 1340393948

ISBN-13: 9781340393946

not like another reproductions of vintage texts (1) we haven't used OCR(Optical personality Recognition), as this results in undesirable caliber books with brought typos. (2) In books the place there are photographs akin to photos, maps, sketches and so forth we've got endeavoured to maintain the standard of those photos, in order that they signify correctly the unique artefact. even if sometimes there's convinced imperfections with those previous texts, we consider they need to be made on hand for destiny generations to enjoy.

Show description

Read e-book online Renewing Moral Theology: Christian Ethics as Action, PDF

By Daniel A. Westberg

ISBN-10: 083082460X

ISBN-13: 9780830824601

whereas moral matters are being raised with new urgency, Christians are more and more unusual with the ethical grammar in their religion. the necessity to reengage the deep-down issues of the Christian ethical culture has seldom been extra pressing.

Moral theology has an extended heritage within the Catholic and Anglican traditions. The culture of theological ethics, inspired via Aristotle when it comes to Aquinas, bargains a special emphasis at the virtues and personality formation. Now Daniel Westberg infuses this venerable moral culture with a biblical self belief within the centrality of the gospel and the position of the Holy Spirit in forming personality, whereas additionally laying down a legitimate ethical psychology for useful cause and moral residing.

Christians—whether of Anglican, Catholic or of different traditions—interested in vigorously retrieving a very good ethical background, will locate right here universal flooring for moral mirrored image and discipleship.

Show description

New PDF release: Zu: Dietmar Mierth "Wahrhaftig sein - warum? Die Grundnorm

By Christiane Burmeister

ISBN-10: 3638819973

ISBN-13: 9783638819978

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2005 im Fachbereich Ethik, be aware: 1,3, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena (Institut für Angewandte Ethik), Veranstaltung: Einführung in die Medienethik, 6 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Die 1996 erstmals veröffentlichte Abhandlung „Wahrhaftig sein- warum?“ von Dietmar Mieth versucht vermittels unterschiedlicher Argumentationswege die Existenz, die ethische Begründbarkeit und die Universalität der Wahrhaftigkeitsgrundnorm zu aufzuzeigen. Dabei wird die Wahrhaftigkeit an ethischen Theorien und Konzeptionen geprüft, und ihre Ausprägungen im Positiven wie im Negativen, sowie ihre Bedingungen und Pflichten beleuchtet.

Mieth stellt seiner Abhandlung die grundlegende those der Existenz einer allgemein anerkannten Grundnorm der Wahrhaftigkeit voran. Die Begründung seine those ist zunächst eine negativ formulierte, denn als indirekte Beweisführung dieser Grundnorm dient ihre ausnahmsweise Nichtgeltung. Zwar gibt es jene Einzelfälle, in denen bestimmte Prinzipien ein Abweichen von der Wahrheit zu Gunsten einer anderen Norm anregen, doch würde die Unwahrheit stets als das Brechen eines gemeinhin akzeptierten, ungeschriebenen Wahrheitsgebots gelten und bedürfe einer speziellen Rechtfertigung. Als zweites Argument führt Mieth den Grundsatz des gegenseitigen Respekts an, die Menschen als Vorraussetzung für eine gelingende Handlungs- oder Kommunikationsbeziehung einander entgegenbringen müssen. Mieth bezeichnet diese Anerkennung der gegenseitigen Rechte und Pflichten als „Prinzip der konstitutiven Konsistenz“1, welches die Einhaltung der Wahrhaftigkeit als Basiselement erfordert. Der dritte Begründungsweg führt auf die Selbstzweckformel des kategorischen Imperativs von Kant2 zurück, deren Pflichten gegen sich selbst das Fundament für die Pflichten gegenüber anderen darstellen. So soll die aus Vernunftgründen sich selbst auferlegte Wahrheitsvorschrift prinzipiell ein auf die gesamte Menschheit zu übertragendes Gebot sein, was once die grundsätzliche Akzeptanz der kommunikativen Aufrichtigkeit zur Folge hat. [...]

--
1 Mieth, Dietmar: Wahrhaftig sein- warum?, in: Wunden, Wolfgang: Wahrheit als Medienqualität. Beiträge zur Medienethik, Bd. three, Frankfurt a. M., 1996, S. 86.

2 Der hier relevante Teil des kategorischen Imperativs von Kant lautet: „Handle so, dass du die Menschheit sowohl in deiner individual als in der individual eines jeden anderen jederzeit zugleich als Zweck, niemals bloß als Mittel brauchest.“ Vgl.: Mieth, Dietmar: Wahrhaftig sein- warum?, in: Wunden, Wolfgang: Wahrheit als Medienqualität. Beiträge zur Medienethik, Bd. three, Frankfurt a. M., 1996, S. 87.

Show description

Cristian Rogers S. D.'s Porque as mulheres mentem e os homens enganam (e PDF

By Cristian Rogers S. D.

ISBN-10: 1549524909

ISBN-13: 9781549524905

Este livro - não muito extenso em páginas, mas aberto a discussões intermináveis acerca do comportamento HUMANO - não é nem deve ser tomado como um handbook de frases e pensamentos, um guia para identificar frases clichês ou costumeiras entre pessoas que mentem e/ou enganam a outras e a si próprias em dado momento de suas vidas. Não redigi nada parecido com isso; tampouco pretendi elencar SITUAÇÕES JUSTIFICÁVEIS OU NÃO – MORALMENTE - ou EXCEÇÕES JURIDICAMENTE DEFENSÁVEIS... Um cânon desse gênero – redigido com artigos de Lei e parágrafos únicos seria totalmente obsoleto: constantemente necessitaríamos inserir ‘ementas’ -, o que o tornaria pouco efetivo para compreendermos o que de fato motiva a mentira e o engano - práticas correntes entre homens e mulheres.
Assim, apenas especulo pontos comuns entre homens e mulheres - já que não me autorizo, nem fui autorizado, escolhido por Alguém a falar definitivamente sobre os seres humanos; por mais que quisesse, confesso. Coube-me, então, apenas teorizar – o que pode em qualquer momento ser desmentido ou ser contestado - sobre a psique humana – área a que não sou academicamente habilitado a falar tão propriamente em termos psicológicos ou antropológicos – o que não farei -, embora afirme, peremptoriamente, alguns pontos essenciais da psicologia humana, incluindo-se, pois, os gêneros masculino e feminino.

Show description

Get Privacy: What Everyone Needs to Know® PDF

By Leslie P. Francis,John G. Francis

ISBN-10: 0190612258

ISBN-13: 9780190612252

ISBN-10: 0190612266

ISBN-13: 9780190612269

we are living increasingly more of our lives on-line; we depend on the web as we paintings, correspond with pals and family, and battle through a large number of mundane actions like paying money owed, streaming movies, analyzing the inside track, and hearing track. with no pondering two times, we function with the knowledge that the knowledge that strains those actions aren't abused now or sooner or later. there's an summary proposal of privateness that we invoke, and, concrete principles approximately our privateness that we will be able to element to if we're pressed. still, too frequently we're uneasily reminded that our privateness isn't invulnerable-the information tracks we go away via our future health info, the net and social media, monetary and credits info, own relationships, and public lives make us continually prey to identification robbery, hacking, or even executive surveillance.

A good deal is at stake for people, teams, and societies if privateness is misunderstood, misdirected, or misused. renowned knowing of privateness does not fit the warmth the idea that generates. With a bunch of cultural changes as to how privateness is known globally and in several religions, and with ceaseless technological developments, it's an more and more advanced subject. during this transparent and available e-book, Leslie and John G. Francis consultant us to an knowing of what privateness can suggest and why it's so vital. Drawing upon their broad joint services in legislations, philosophy, political technology, regulatory coverage, and bioethics, they parse the results of the forfeiture, notwithstanding nice or small, of one's privacy.

Show description

Download e-book for iPad: War and Individual Rights: The Foundations of Just War by Kai Draper

By Kai Draper

ISBN-10: 019938889X

ISBN-13: 9780199388899

Kai Draper starts off his e-book with the idea that specific rights exist and stand as ethical stumbling blocks to the pursuit of nationwide at the very least own pursuits. That assumption may appear to call for a pacifist rejection of struggle, for any sustained struggle attempt calls for army operations that predictably kill many noncombatants as "collateral damage," and possibly at the least such a lot noncombatants have a correct to not be killed. but Draper ends with the belief that usually recourse to battle is justified.

In making his argument, he will depend on the insights of John Locke to strengthen and safeguard a framework of rights to function the basis for a brand new simply battle idea. significantly lacking from that framework is any doctrine of double impression. so much simply struggle theorists depend on that doctrine to justify injuring and killing blameless bystanders, yet Draper argues that numerous renowned formulations of the doctrine are both untenable or beside the point to the ethics of struggle. eventually he deals a unmarried precept for assessing no matter if recourse to struggle will be justified. He additionally explores in a few element the difficulty of the way to tell apart discriminate from indiscriminate violence in conflict, arguing that a few yet no longer all noncombatants are vulnerable to attack.

Show description

Bruce A. Arrigo's Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics PDF

By Bruce A. Arrigo

ISBN-10: 1452274118

ISBN-13: 9781452274119

Federal, kingdom, county, and municipal police forces all have their very own codes of behavior, but the ethics of being a police officer stay complicated and are usually tough to use in dynamic occasions. The police misconduct statistics are unbelievable and point out that over the top use of strength includes nearly 1 / 4 of misconduct circumstances, with sexual harassment, fraud/theft, and fake arrest being the following such a lot widespread elements. the moral concerns and dilemmas in felony justice additionally succeed in deep into the criminal professions, the constitution and management of justice in society, and the non-public features of these within the legal justice professions.

The Encyclopedia of felony Justice Ethics incorporates a to Z entries by way of specialists within the box that discover the scope of moral selection making and behaviors in the spheres of legal justice platforms, together with policing, corrections, courts, forensic technological know-how, and coverage research and learn. This two-volume set comes in either print and digital formats.

Features:

  • Entries are authored and signed via specialists within the box and finish with references and extra readings, in addition to move references to similar entries that consultant readers to the subsequent steps of their examine trips.
  • A Reader's consultant teams comparable entries by way of vast subject components and issues, making it effortless for readers to fast determine similar entries.
  • A Chronology highlights the advance of the box and locations fabric into old context; a word list defines keyword phrases from the fields of legislations and ethics; and a source consultant presents lists of vintage books, educational journals, web pages and institutions desirous about legal justice ethics.
  • Reports and data from such assets because the FBI, the United countries, and the overseas felony courtroom are integrated in an appendix.
  • In the digital model, the Reader's advisor, index, and go references mix to supply powerful search-and-browse functions.

The Encyclopedia of felony Justice Ethics provides a common, non-technical but finished source for college kids who desire to comprehend the complexities of felony justice ethics.

Show description

New PDF release: Der graue Schwan: Prolegomena zum Wissen der

By Jürgen Riethmüller

ISBN-10: 3770554272

ISBN-13: 9783770554270

Die beliebte Diagnose der "Wissensgesellschaft" verdeckt, dass keineswegs geklärt scheint, von welchem Wissen hier die Rede ist. Vor der zeitdiagnostischen examine muss daher in epistemologischer Hinsicht eine kritische, transdisziplinär angelegte Begriffsarbeit stehen. Bleibt dies aus, prägen weiter zahllebige Mythen unser Wissen vom Wissen; der graue Schwan steht dann bildhaft für jenen eigenartigen Zwang, diesbezüglich Zentrales leichthin zu ignorieren: Weder besteht Wissen aus einem geheimnisvollen physikalischen Stoff info, der beliebig zwischen unterschiedlich strukturierten Systemen hin- und her übertragen oder von diesen umstandslos gespeichert werden könnte, noch ist es sinnvoll als intestine, Rohstoff oder gar Ware zu begreifen. Wissen generiert den Erscheinungen der Welt kognitiv und kommunikativ ihre (stabile) Bedeutung.

Show description